What Is A Land Surveyor?

What Is A Land Surveyor?
Land SurveyorThere are a lot of famous land surveyors who made it to history. In fact, three of the four faces carved in Mt.Rushmore are land surveyors (Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln were all three surveyors, Teddy Roosevelt was not.). Others popular names were Daniel Boone, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (Lewis & Clark), Sir George Everest, Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon (of the Mason-Dixon Line fame) and author Henry David Thoreau practiced for a time in Concord, Massachusetts.

What is a Land Surveyor?

A land surveyor is a person with the academic qualifications and technical expertise to measure and plot the lengths and directions of boundary lines and the dimensions of any portion of the earth’s surface (including natural and other structures). That definition is quite a mouthful, but in actuality the field of surveying (geomatics) includes many other facets.

If you plan to purchase a lot, build your dream house, divide your property to your children, or simply want to know the details of a land property, a land surveyor is the best person to help you out.

A land surveyor locates the boundary of your property and the location of your home within that boundary to determine if there are any encroachments by your neighbors onto you or vice versa. Common encroachments are fences, driveways, etc.

These days land surveyors in the United States are regulated and licensed by the various state governments. In Alabama, the Alabama State Board of Licensure for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors was established in 1935 to protect the public.

A land surveyor’s duty is “to safeguard life, health, and property, and to promote the public welfare by providing for the licensing and regulation of persons in the practices of engineering and land surveying.

This purpose is achieved through the establishment of minimum qualifications for entry into the professions of engineering and land surveying, through the adoption of rules defining and delineating unlawful or unethical conduct, and through swift and effective discipline for those individuals or entities who violate the applicable laws or rules.”

As of 2007, all newly licensed land surveyors are required to finish a four year degree in surveying or a closely related field, a four to eight years of on-the-job training under a licensed practicing surveyor.

In addition to that, licensed land surveyors are mandated to attend 15 hours of continuing education annually to ensure that they are kept updated with the new know-hows that would help them on their professional growth.

As part of a standard lot or mortgage survey of a property, expect your surveyor to review tax maps, aerial maps, deeds, subdivision plats, zoning ordinances, subdivision regulations and possibly even flood maps.

For a typical lot survey, the subdivision plat is the most important of these because it tells the exact dimensions of your lot and the relative location of your property corners. The surveyor uses this to locate and/or re-establish your property corners.

In the field, the land surveyors will search for your property corners along with some of your neighbors’ corners. If yours can’t be found, they’ll measure the distances and angles between all of the points, locate the improvements on your property, including your house, pool, out-buildings, retaining walls, fences, driveways, sidewalks, and other home improvements.

Other improvements like sanitary sewer mains, storm drainage ways, overhead power lines and the like are located because these might indicate an easement across the property. The plat should show these, but may not in all cases.

Once all of the field information is gathered, the crew chief takes the field notes and prepares a preliminary sketch of the work. This is passed along to a draftsperson who prepares the final outline for your use.

The draftsperson will check all of the maps mentioned earlier to make sure that all building setback lines and easements are shown on the draft. The surveyed distances and directions are compared to the plat distances and directions as well. Any discrepancies or encroachments are shown on the drawing.

Your lawyer may use the draft to determine if any other legal work is needed during the closing. The mortgage company or the bank may also use the survey for their records.

So now, what do you have for your money. You have a drawing which shows your house on your lot. You should have stakes and/or flagging by all of your property corners. Make sure you know where they are located.

The actual corner is marked by an iron pin or pipe of some sort. (The type of monument should be shown in your survey drawing.) You might also want to take a look at them at least once a year to make sure they’re still there. (Even animals mark their territory more often than that.)

For more specific information about what type of survey you need, please call Talladega Surveying at 256-854-9503 or fill out a Contact form

Land Surveying: Ethics of a Land Surveyor

land surveyorNot a lot of people realize that land surveying is actually a fusion of art and science. Yes, different equipments are available for the surveyor’s use, but the land surveyor still has the last say on the results.

Despite this though, a land surveyor still has several guidelines to follow. If you’ve had an experience with a dishonest surveyor, or are wary about hiring one, this article should be able to help you out.

What ethics should a land surveyor follow?

A surveyor should always start a project with fairness in mind. Your client as well as everybody party involved in the project is expecting you to be fair and just so make the best possible assessment with the evidences handed to you.

Before a project commences, the surveyor assigned to the project should come forward if there’s a possibility of conflict of interest. This is very important to preserve their relationship with the client. A surveyor should avoid professional impropriety by declaring involvement or any prior affiliations with any of the involved parties. It is also the surveyor’s responsibility to keep any information regarding the project as well as the client confidential even after the project is done.

Several cases were reported where the surveyor overcharged the client. This usually happens when the client doesn’t know anything about land surveying. A land surveyor running his business with ethics will never do this. Fortunately, there are more honest land surveyors than dishonest ones.

A surveyor should charge a project according to the length of time needed to get it done as well as the level of technical complexity required for it. For the surveyor’s sake as well as the client, one should never sign plans, certificates or reports unless these are personally supervised by him. Not only is this unfair on the client’s side, doing so could put his reputation in danger should the results get disputed and he doesn’t know anything about them.

Just like with other industries, a land surveyor should never undermine the capability of other surveyors or the people from the land surveying industry.

New technologies come up for land surveying all the time. When a surveyor knows that a project is beyond his skills, he should tell the client about it. There’s no sense accepting a project only to come up with a subpar result. It will only hurt your business and your reputation.

Surveyors should also be responsible enough to study, do a thorough research, practice and utilize his skills before offering clients a new service. If a surveyor is new to flood determination, for instance, then he needs to make sure that he knows how to perform it before offering it to his clients.

Surveyors do not work alone. They usually have a staff to support them. The land surveyor needs to be responsible for their actions at all cost, for actions or work carried out by them.

If you need help finding a land surveyor, don’t hesitate to call us at (256) 854-9503 or send us a message by clicking here.

Land Surveying History

Land Surveying

Land surveying

is about the oldest professions on this planet. Ever since man has decided that a section of land should fit in with a tribe, the requirement for surveying began.

Land surveying is fascinating. The techniques used try to determine which section of land belongs to whom, hopefully ending arguments forever.

In a nutshell, surveying is actually a process using mathematical methods for survey land.

First accounts of Land Surveying

The 1st accounts of surveying land dates back to ancient Egypt. Experts discovered evidences that the ancient Egyptians used basic geometry to redraw the lines of boundary once the Nile River overflowed. An Egyptian land register dating back 3000 BC have also been found.

Following Egyptians, the Romans – also by far the most powerful civilizations within the ancient world – practiced land surveying. They took it a stride further and made “land surveyor” an official position in the Empire. These folks were called agrimensores, generally known as Corpus Agrimensorum Romanorum. Although they used very simple tools, they had been very thorough with their jobs and would create straight lines and proper angles with the aid of these tools. After the lines were measured, they’d create shallow ditches to mark the lines. The fact is, several of the furrows they made survived today.

One of several recorded land surveying of the “modern” times is that of William the Conqueror who wrote the Domesday Book in 1086. This book serves as a menu of names of land owners, the quantity of land they owned in addition to other specifics about the land. While it was an incredible quantity information during this time, the pieces of information had not been 100% correct. The locations just weren’t accurate and the maps were not created to scale.

Among history’s greatest icons had also been an enthusiastic surveyor – Napoleon Bonaparte. The interest in surveying land was
really just a product of his desire to conquer the planet. Napoleon Bonaparte founded a registry known as the cadastre. This consists of a registry of properties of a county, ownership details, locations and as many details concerning the land’s value. Yes, Napoleon Bonaparte can be regarded as a land surveyor – and a very smart man.

The ways put to use in land surveying have also evolved over the centuries, over time. Long ago, people would use most things might help them determine the distance from one location to another. This means using chains with links perhaps even ropes. As expected, this didn’t give accurate results but they didn’t have the technology we now have back then.

Today,land surveyors enjoy the best technologies to assist them with their job. There exists GPS, or Global Positioning System, which is probably the most accurate technologies being utilized today. Total stations are also essential to a land surveyor, which employs the use of an EDM or Electronic Distance Measurement device in addition to a theodolite which allows for more precise angle and distance measurements.

What You Need to Know About Land Surveying

Land SurveyingLand surveying is the art and science of accurately measuring parcels of land. Measurements such as dimensions, lengths, boundary lines, including structures within the area are all precisely determined through a land survey.

These measurements are used to establish land maps, boundaries for ownership or for governmental purposes. It is a detailed study of every physical and cultural property of the land, whether above or beneath it, to illustrate it in usable form.

Data is gathered through observations, research, field measurements, and data analysis for establishing property boundaries. Records from previous surveys and government records will strengthen the reports made after the survey.

A land survey is classified according to the purpose or why the survey is being performed. Some of the common types of land survey are boundary surveys, topographic surveys, partition or subdivision surveys, flood elevation survey, property line adjustment survey, and extended title insurance coverage survey.

Other services such as mapping, construction layout surveys, judicial surveys, registered land surveys are all part of land surveying. It is an essential element in every development of the environment especially in the fields of construction, transport, communication, mapping, and most especially in the definition of legal boundaries for ownership.

The key component in the field of land surveying is the land surveyor. A land surveyor is a person that takes charge of every activity that transpires during a land survey. It is the surveyor who makes the research and data gathering and even interpretation and analysis of all data wherein translation of all data gathered is crucial and should be checked, attested, and sworn in the law to be true and correct.

It is important then for you to choose a land surveyor with the highest degree of expertise and who can assume responsibility for the complex tasks at hand. It should be emphasized that only a surveyor who has knowledge of the elements of geometry, trigonometry, engineering, mathematics, physics, and the law are expected to have the best land survey outcomes.

Land surveying is a profession as old as the Egyptian times yet its importance to the human race still lives on. It is the best method to settle disputes over land ownership, it gives a clear picture of what buildings are suited to be constructed in a given land area, and it’s a convenient way to determine the exact dimensions of real estate to be purchased or sold.

Land Surveying

Optimum potential of the land you own can only be defined once you have a land survey.

Whether you are planning to put it on the market, or should you want to use it for commercial purposes, a land survey must back you up if ever questions regarding everything about the land arise. Land surveying will provide a sense of security and peace of mind to every land owner and even to the future buyers.

Land surveying will always be an integral part in protecting real estate and upholding of laws governing the utilization and distribution of your land assets.

Call Talladega Land Surveying today at 256-854-9503 or fill out a request for more information concerning your land surveying needs.

Things You Need to Know Before Building a House

 

Land SurveyingIt is a very good idea to build your home because you will be able to get exactly what you want instead of when you buy. Of course, you may need to add some things or you may not know what you are getting yourself into. The following are some of the things that you might want know when planning to build your house.

Choosing the right builder is a big decision since this is one of the most important investments that you will ever make. Interview all possible house contractors and hire the one that understands what you want and how you want things to be done.

When interviewing the contractors make sure that you ask all the possible questions that will help you in your decision; how long have they been building houses, also if you can view any of their work, and to see references. It is also crucial to pick house plans that would lead to a good home now and in the future. This is something that your contractor should be able to help you with and they may call on the services of an architect.

Before planning and finalizing your design try to consider these things; budget, home size, home location, wall finishing, special design features, height of ceilings, stories, fixtures, outside finishing, and your time frame for completion.

If you are having a difficult time picking any of these items you should make an appointment with your contractor and/or architect. They are sure to assist in choosing right down to every tiny detail. When they have done their job of guiding you, you will have spent a lot of time because this is a detailed process which shouldn’t be short-changed. This is the reason why your choice of a builder is important.

If your builder isn’t able to advise you on home location they should refer you to a real estate agent. A real estate agent should be experienced in advising on home values in certain areas, what school districts are preferred, traffic congestion issues, your financing options, among other things.

Another stop you should make is to see a land surveyor. Land surveyors are trained and experienced in identifying features of the land that might have an impact on your new home. Some of these features are flood zones, property line encroachments from neighbors, lot dimensions, and building setbacks. Land surveyors are measurement experts. And, since your home is your most valuable asset, a survey of your land should be one of your first steps in any new construction.

Call Talladega Land Surveying today at 256-854-9503  or fill out a contact form request for more information concerning your land surveying needs.